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  • : le blog ut-pupillam-oculi par : Eric
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30 octobre 2007 2 30 /10 /octobre /2007 19:58
Terence O' Brien wa born near Limerick, Ireland, in 1600. He joined the Dominicans at Limerick, in 1621, where his uncle, Maurice, was then prior. He took the name of Albert. He studied at Toledo, Spain, where he was ordained. After eight years, he returned to Limerick.

In 1643, he became Provincial of his Order in Ireland.
Then at Rome he received the degrees of Master of Theology and visited afterwards his Order in Portugal.

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In 1647 he was consecrated Bishop Coadjutor of Emly by nuncio Rinucini. Soon afterwards he signed a declaration against Inchiquin's truce and remained faithful to Rome.

When Limerick was besieged in 1651, he - then Bishop -  urged the people to resist against the Ormondists and the Parliamentiarans, who were supported by Cromwellian England. He was arrested in the plague house where he was attending to the sick and dying.
He was brought before a court martial and hanged October 31, 1651.

He was beatified by John Paul II in 1992.


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Window in St. Ailbe's Church, Emly. Blessed Terence-Albert is figured on the left.
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17 octobre 2007 3 17 /10 /octobre /2007 20:26
Richard-Gwyn.jpg   Saint Richard Gwyn ( or White in the angicized version of his name ) was born in Montgomeryshire, Wales, in 1537. He studied at St. John's College, Cambridge,  and took lessons from George Bulloch, a Catholic master. But, just after two years, the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth I forced him to end his studies...No Catholic could become a teacher.
So he continued his studies on his own, in Wales. He married and had three children surviving from six. He was  obliged by the local bishop to accept the Anglican Faith and to reject the Old Catholic Faith. It seems that he pretended to do so, in order to  run schools. But in fact, after a short time, he declared himself a Catholic, true and faithful...So he teached and often moved to avoid punishments and fines ( not to attend Anglican services ).

He was finally arrested in 1579, because a vicar ( an ex-Catholic ), as a new Judas, revealed that he had refused to confirm into the new faith...Many former Catholic priests and bishops have thus conduct people to martyrdom, at this time...They are not the last ones !

Richard escaped, and remained a fugitive for a year and a half, when he was again arrested. He spent four years in prison.
One of the clerks, who was due to read the indictment, suddenly lost his vision, but the judges declared that anyone who would report this incident should be punished, as they feared reactions from clandestine Catholics.

Saint Richard was hanged and disembollewed on October 15, 1584.
His last words, in Welsh, were " Jesus, have mercy on me ! "

His relics are to be found in Our Lady of Sorrows'  Cathedral, in Wrexham ( Wales ).

He was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970. His feast day  is on October, 17th.
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1 octobre 2007 1 01 /10 /octobre /2007 03:06
Gerard Edwards was born at Ludlow, Shropshire, and studied at Oxford. It seems that he became an member of the Church of England, because only Anglicans at that time could receive a degree.

He then was employed at the household of Gregory Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacres of the South. The Baron' s wife, née Lady Anne Sackville, was a strong Catholic. Gerard was then reconcilied with the Catholic Church. He decided to study at the English Seminary in Rheims, France, and departed in 1586. 
He took the alias of Campion, in order to associate himself to the martyrdom of St. Edmund Campion who had died a few years ago.
He was ordained in March 1587.
He set sail back to England, and shortly afterwards was arrested at Sittingbourne. He confessed he was a priest, and was sent to the infamous Marshalsea Prison in South London. At the end of September 1588, he was imprisoned in Canterbury, and executed in Oaten Hill on October 1st.

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                         Marshalsea


Christopher Buxton was born in Derbyshire in 1562. He was educated at Tidewell Grammar School, where one of his masters - Nicholas Garlick - was martyred for the Faith.
In July 1582, he arrived at Rheims with two school friends to study at the English Seminary. In 1584, he was sent to the English Seminary in Rome. He was a brilliant seminarist. He was ordained there in October 1586.

In September 1587 he was sent to the mission in Kent, but was arrested in November...He also was imprisoned at the Marshalsea Prison, and examined on 15th August 1588. He was executed at Oaten Hill, Canterbury, for being a priest, on 1st October 1588. He was 26 years old.

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Edward Campion ( Gerard Edwards ) and Christopher Buxton were beatified by Pope Pius XI in 1929, together with Robert Wilcox and Robert Widmerpool. 


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1 octobre 2007 1 01 /10 /octobre /2007 02:39
Robert Wilcox was born in Chester, England, in 1558. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1585 in Rheims, France, and was sent to the mission in 1586. He was arrested in Kent in summer 1586. He was hanged, drawn and quartered at Oaten Hill, Canterbury, with Robert Widmerpool, a layman who had given aid to him, in 1588. Robert Widmerpool had been a tutor to the sons of Henry, the ninth Earl of Northumberland. He was educated at Oxford, and remained always a Catholic. He was suspected at his trial in August 1588, for having sheltered priests.
When he had the rope round his neck, he thanked God for dying in Canterbury, for the cause for which St. Thomas of Canterbury had died.
Their feast day is October 1st.

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Pope Pius XI beatified them in 1929 with Gerard Edwards and Christopher Buxton.
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20 septembre 2007 4 20 /09 /septembre /2007 19:05
Blessed Thomas Johnson ( died September 20, 1537 )  was a Carthusian monk, who was left to starve in Newgate gaol, because he would not sign the Oath of Supremacy.

On May 18, 1537, the twenty choir monks and eighteen brothers remaining in the London Charterhouse were required to take the Oath of Supremacy. Of these choir monks, Thomas Johnson, Richard Bere ( ex-Abbot of Glastonbury 1493-1525 ) , an ex-Cambridge fellow : Thomas Green ( the three monks were priests ) and John Davy ( deacon ) refused ; and of the brothers, Robert Salt, William Greenwood, Thomas Redyng, Thomas Scryven, Walter Pearson and William Horne.
On 29 May, all were sent to Newgate, where they were chained standing, and with their hands tied behind them to posts in the prison, and so left to die of starvation.



Margaret Clement  - who had been brought up in the household of saint Thomas More -  bribed the gaolers, and brought him and the other Carthusians some food by entering in disguise, but on discovery this was ended.
Thomas Johnson took the longest to die of starvation, possibly because food had been allowed for him in hopes he would ultimately be executed, instead of starved to death. Another monk,  named Horne, survived and was not executed untill August 4, 1540. He was hanged, disembollewed and quartered at Tyburn.

Thomas Johnson and the other Carthusian martyrs were beatified by Pope Leo XIII, in  1886.


Illustration : saint Hugues de Grenoble, en visite chez les Chartreux, tableau de Zurbaran
 
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22 juillet 2007 7 22 /07 /juillet /2007 23:46
Philip Evans ( 1645-1679 ) was a Welsh Jesuit who worked in mission in Southern Wales for 40 years. There he became known for his zeal and charity and enjoyed great popularity and success.
Though he was especially sought after by those behind the Titus Oates plot. Father Philip Evans proved himself fearless. Over and above the usual 50 pounds for any Jesuit, 200 pounds were offered for him. Instead of fleeing the country, he stayed to serve the Catholics in Wales and was eventually caught.
Refusing, of course, to take the oath of supremacy, which recognized the king as supreme in all religious matters, he was imprisoned and hanged.

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Né à Monmouth dans le Pays de Galles en 1645, il devint Jésuite en 1665 après avoir étudié à Saint-Omer en France. Il fut envoyé comme missionnaire dans le Sud du Pays de Galles. Connu pour sa charité et sa foi, les autorités galloises fermaient les yeux sur son fervent apostolat. Mais lorsque la pseudo-conjuration de Titus Oates déchaîna à nouveau la persécution contre les Catholiques, la situation du RP Philippe Evans devint périlleuse. On mit sa tête à prix. Il refusa néanmoins de quitter son troupeau. Il fut donc arrêté le 2 décembre 1678 et emprisonné à Cardiff.
Il refusa la vie sauve et le serment de suprématie qui reconnaissait la seule autorité du roi en matière religieuse, et au contraire protesta de sa fidélité au Pape. Il se déclara heureux, lors de son jugement, de mourir pour sa fidélité, et fut exécuté le 22 juillet 1679.
Le Pape Pie XI le béatifia le 15 décembre 1929. Il est fêté le 21 février avec les autres martyrs jésuites anglais de cette sombre époque.
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12 juillet 2007 4 12 /07 /juillet /2007 21:12
saint-john-jones.jpg  Saint John ( Jean in French, Giovanni in Italian ) Jones was a priest, from a good Welsh family who has remained faithful to the Roman Catholic Church. He was born at Clynnog Fawr ( Wales ), executed 12 July 1598. He is one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

He entered the Observant Franciscan convent at Greenwich. At its dissolution in 1559, he escaped to France. He took his vows at Pontoise.

After many years, he journeyed to Rome, where he stayed at the Ara Caeli convent. There he entered a stricter branch of the Friars Minors, and begged to be sent back in England. His superiors allowed him to go. He knew that this mission was often equivalent to death...He received a special blessing by Pope Clement VIII.

He reached London during the winter 1592, and worked in different parts of the Kingdom, always hidding and  celebrating masses in secret. He was elected Provincial by his English Franciscan brothers.

In 1596 the sadistic " priests catcher "  Topcliffe made him arrested, and cruelly tortured and scourged him.

Saint John Jones was then imprisoned for two years. He met in prison John Rigby who was also to be one of the Forty Martyrs. He was convicted of high treason, and sentenced to being hanged, drawn and quartered...

His remains were eventually removed by some young Catholic gentlemen, one of whom suffered a long imprisonment for this offence. One of his relics has been venerated since his death in Pontoise, where he was professed.nti_bug_fck
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20 juin 2007 3 20 /06 /juin /2007 19:30
Le fait d' être mère d' un magistrat municipal de Dublin ne fut pas pour Marguerite  ( Margaret )  Ball, née Bermingham, motif d' orgueil, mais plutôt source de souffrances, et certainement la cause de sa mort, comme martyre de l' Eglise.
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Le contexte historique se déroule dans une époque troublée par le schisme anglican, déclenché par Henri VIII qui se fit proclamer chef de l' Eglise d' Angleterre par l' Acte de Suprématie. L' Irlande fit de même en 1536 et le Parlement de Dublin ainsi exposa l' Eglise catholique à la persécution...

Marguerite avait à l' époque vingt ans, étant née en 1515 d' une ancienne famille de l' île, et épouse de Barthélémy Ball depuis l' âge de seize ans. La famille était profondément catholique et jouissait d' une position aisée dans la société irlandaise. Barthélémy Ball, riche marchand, devint maire de Dublin en 1553-1554. Dans leur demeure, les Ball avait une chapelle privée avec un chapelain et Marguerite s' occupait d' une école catholique qu' elle patronnait.

Devenue veuve en 1568, Marguerite, qui offrait l' hospitalité à de nombreux prêtres et religieux, n' eut plus le soutien de son mari, alors que la situation politique devenait risquée pour les Catholiques.
 En 1570 la  reine Elisabeth Ière fut excommuniée, tandis qu' une féroce persécution s' abattait sur les Catholiques anglais, et aussi sur les Irlandais.
Vers la fin de la décennie, Marguerite Ball fut arrêtée sous le prétexte d' avoir fait célébrer une messe chez elle, puis elle fut relâchée sous caution.

Entretemps, l' un de ses fils, Walter, pétri d' ambitions, décida de briguer le conseil municipal de Dublin. Pour cela il devait renoncer à sa foi et reconnaître la reine d' Angleterre comme chef suprême de l' Eglise d' Angleterre et de l' Eglise d' Irlande. C' est ce qu' il fit. Sa mère essaya de l' en dissuader, mais il ne renonça pas à ses ambitions. Au contraire, il vit en sa mère, l' obstacle majeur à la réussite de sa carrière politique.

Peu après sa nomination comme maire, il fit arrêter sa mère, sous l' accusation d' avoir accueilli chez elle un prêtre persécuté. A près de 70 ans, la bienheureuse Marguerite Ball fut promenée sur un chariot découvert à travers toute la ville de Dublin et exposée aux railleries populaires. Elle fut emprisonnée plusieurs années dans une prison insalubre avec seize autres martyrs de la Foi et y termina ses jours en 1584, ayant refusé d' abjurer.

Elle fut béatifiée par Jean-Paul II le 27 septembre 1992.
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10 juin 2007 7 10 /06 /juin /2007 03:17
Petite nièce de saint Edouard ( fêté le 13 octobre )et élevée en Hongrie, Marguerite épousa le roi d' Ecosse Malcolm III et exerça sur lui une influence bienfaisante. De ses huit enfants, deux sont honorés comme saints : Edith et David.
Elle mourut le 16 novembre 1093. Sa bonté pour les malheureux demeure légendaire en Ecosse, dont le Pape Clément  X l' a déclarée patronne.
Sa fête liturgique a été transférée au 16 novembre dans le nouvel ordo.

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Link in English : http://ut-pupillam-oculi.over-blog.com/article-13849269.html
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20 avril 2007 5 20 /04 /avril /2007 22:57

  Né en 1575 Francis ( François ) Page appartenait à une famille aristocratique du Middlesex, mais il vit le jour à Anvers en pays flamand. Il fut élevé dans la religion protestante et étudia le droit à Londres. Il tomba amoureux de la fille - catholique - d' un avocat londonien. Elle accepta de l' épouser s' il se convertissait au catholicisme. Il étudia donc la religion catholique avec le révérend père Gerard, jésuite. Celui-ci fut emprisonné à cause des persécutions ant-catholiques et le néophyte zélé continua de lui rendre visite en prison, ce qui causa son arrestation pendant quelques temps.

Une fois libéré, il renonça à ses projets de mariage et résolut d' entrer dans la Compagnie de Jésus. Il poursuivit ses études théologiques au Collège Anglais de Douai en France et fut ordonné en 1600.

Il revint en Angleterre en attendant d' entrer au noviciat jésuite en Flandre et exerça son ministère en cachette pendant deux ans.

Il demeurait chez la veuve Anne Line, future sainte et martyre, qui accueillait chez elle des Jésuites dont le Père Gerard, libéré de prison.

Il fut dénoncé par une femme devenue anglicane et emprisonné à Newgate pour avoir célébré la messe " romaine. "

Il fut reçu dans la Compagnie de Jésus en prison. Il fut écartelé le 20 avril 1602 après avoir proclamé publiquement qu' il était  " fils de l' Eglise et fils de saint Ignace. " 

Le Pape Pie XI l' a béatifié en 1929.

 

 

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